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Xinjiang Travel Guide

Xinjiang Travel Guide

As the largest province in China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the northwest of China has an area of over 1.6 million square kilometers, taking up one sixth of China’s total territory. With a population of over 20 million, Xinjiang, is home to more than 45 ethnic groups beside the major ethnic minority-the Uygur. It is a crucial area that many crossed during the ancient Silk Road. 

Xinjiang is split by its symbolic mountain, known as the Tianshan Mountain range . This mountain range splits it into two large basins: the Dzungarian Basin in the north and the Tarim Basin in the south. Much of the Tarim Basin in the south is dominated by the biggest desert in China and the tenth biggest in the world; Taklimakan Desert. The lowest point in Xinjiang and China is the Turpan Basin which is 155 meters below sea level.  

Xinjiang has a desert climate: Winters are cold and summers are extremely hot. The temperature varies so much in the day that there are two famous Chinese sayings that best describe it. One is “Wear a fur jacket in the morning and a thin shirt in the afternoon; the other is “Eat watermelons around the warm stove.”The best time to visit Xinjiang is in the autumn when the daytimes are longer, the sky is clearer, which will make you feel comfortable. Lastly, an important phrase associated with  Xinjiang is its reputation as the “Land of Melons and Fruits” due to its abundance of melons, grapes, and other fruits that flourish in autumn.  

Xinjiang is often described as the most arid province in China, as well as its reputation for being both the hottest and coldest place in China. Xinjiang boasts the longest inland river known as the Tarim River; the lowest point of China found at the Lake Aydingkol, which lies in the Turpan Basin of Xinjiang. It also has the largest desert in China; the Taklimakan Desert which takes up almost half of the territory in Xinjiang.  

Xinjiang is considered a paradise for tourists. There are 56 types of tourist resources in Xinjiang, accounting for 83% of the total. Altogether, there are more than 1,100 scenic areas in Xinjiang, ranking it the highest in the nation.  

Mountains, glaciers, cliffs, prairies, waterfalls, rivers, deserts, forests, wild animals, historic and cultural relics, caverns, temples, monasteries, mausoleum, and almost everything can be found there. In this charming land, with the hospitality of the people in Xinjiang, you will certainly agree with the saying that, “Xinjiang is the kingdom for poets, the treasure house for painters, and the paradise for historians and tourists.”