Red, yellow, blue, green…in people’s minds, Yunnan has long been a fantasy dotted with a riot of colors. Visitors find that everything seems rustic and unvarnished when stepping into this treasured place in the southwest frontier region of China.
Standing in northwestern Yunnan, the majestic Huyue Gorge has become a resort for adventurers seeking to challenge themselves. The rugged and splendid Jade Snow Mountain, Baha Snow Mountain and Meili Snow Mountain feature unique, precipitous and steep peeks and have attracted snow mountain explorers from home and abroad. In the peaceful Lijiang ancient town, visitors prefer to leisurely stay in the houses of local people, immersing themselves in the Dongba culture and Naxi ancient music. Located in southwestern Yunnan, Xishuang Banna showcases its simple but graceful charm. Delicate peacocks bestow elegant temperament on the Dai girl's skirts. The slender and simple skirts showcase the glamour of the Banna local lifestyle. Situated in southeastern Yunnan, Jianshui, crowned as “the village of documents,” has built its culture into every brick of the arches and eaves inside the ancient town. The terrace fields where the Hani people dwell are located on layers of hillsides. Every March, the golden rape flowers scatter across the hills just like a colossal carpet blanketing both the sky and the earth.
This is a colorful land where 25 ethnic minorities including the Ni, Bai, Hani, Dai, Lisu, Naxi, Yao, Jingbo, Buyi, Shui and Dulong people live in compact communities. Once you set foot in Yunnan, you’ll inadvertently expose yourself to a world of the Naxi Dongba culture, Dali Bai culture, Dai Yebei culture and Yi Beima culture—a world of such local customs as legends, songs, dances, paintings and ancient music.
Though the entire country boasts flowering gardens, Yunnan has long been crowned as “the Kingdom of Plants”. As early as the 19th century, European and American experts admired the abundant resources of flowers in Yunnan so much that they praised it as “the Paradise for Horticulturists”. Botanists from the U.K., France, the U.S., Austria, Germany, and Switzerland came to Yunnan one after another for collecting hortus siccus and gathering flower seeds. Today, such famous flowers such as the azalea, primrose, camellia, orchid and lily that many European and American countries have been enthusiastically cultivating are mostly derived from Yunnan. It’s no wonder that Western Europeans say, “It takes the flowers from Yunnan to make a garden.”
The eight famous flowers in Yunnan are: camellia, azalea, magnolia, primrose, lily, gentian, meconopsis and orchid.