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Silk Road Journey till to the Karakuli Lake

Luxury Xinjiang Silk Road Tours

Xinjiang-新疆, an important part of Silk Road in China, inhabited by various nationalities who can sing and dance and feature their customs. You will be attracted to every corner, every small village or by its vast desert with mysterious stories or by its green water and herds of goats or by its golden Tugai forests. You will fall in love with her in the romantic and exotic atmosphere. You can customize a tour package to the southern or northern Xinjiang.

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Silk Road Journey till to the Karakuli Lake

Silk Road Journey till to the Karakuli Lake

The Silk Road is an international route with historical significance. It was built through interactions between ancient Chinese, Indian, Creek and Roman civilizations. It promoted cultural exchange between the East and the West. Also through this route, silk, lacquer ware, gunpowder, the art of papermaking and the art of printing were introduced to the West.

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Introduction to Xinjiang

Introduction to Xinjiang

As the largest province in China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the northwest of China has an area of over 1.6 million square kilometers, taking up one sixth of China’s total territory. With a population of over 20 million, Xinjiang, is home to more than 45 ethnic groups beside the major ethnic minority-the Uygur. It is a crucial area that many crossed during the ancient Silk Road. 

History of Silk Road

History of Silk Road

The Silk Road is composed of several trade routes that linked China with the West in ancient times. It spread throughout the Asian continent and connected China with Central Asia, the Mediterranean regions, and even areas in Africa and Europe. The Silk Road was formally established by General Zhang Qian who was sent by Emperor Han Wudi to lead the westward expedition of the Han Dynasty. He reached some Western Regions and developed the Silk Road connecting the East and West’ economies and cultures. 

Urumqi

Urumqi (Wulumuqi in Chinese pinyin) is the capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. The name is translated as “beautiful pasture.” With a population of over 2.33 million, Urumqi, is the largest city in the western region of China, with an area of more than 10,000 square kilometers. It is also about 2,500 kilometers away from the nearest coastline and is the most remote city nearby water in the world.

As a relatively young city, Urumqi, is located on the northern side of the Tianshan Mountain range and was founded in 1763. As an important section of the ancient Silk Road, Urumqi has been an active participant of expressing cultural elements. There are about 45 ethnic groups living in Urumqi, adding to the cultural fabric of the city. One can compare the different ways of living among diverse ethnic groups by exploring the old streets in the city.

There are many tourist areas in Urumqi. The most famous are the Islamic International Grand Bazaar, Hongshan Mountain, No.1 Glacier, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Museum, Xinjiang Silk Road Museum, and Shuimugou Hot Springs, and so on.

There are numerous shopping areas and streets where you can enjoy unique architectures, buy man-made souvenirs, and taste local delicacies and fruits.

Turpan

Turpan

Turpan (Also known as Turfan or Tulufan) is a county-level city in Turpan Prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. It is located at the center of Xinjiang and is an oasis city at the northern region of the Tianshan Mountain range. The area it belongs to is commonly known as the Turpan Basin, which is the world’s lowest-lying basin and hottest place in China.

Kashgar

Kashgar

Kashgar (Chinese pinyin: Kashi) is the capital city of Kashgar Prefecture in the western region of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. This prefecture faces the Taklamakan Desert in the east, Pamir Plateau in the west, and the Kunlun Mountain Range in the south. It has an area of more than 111,000 square kilometers and a population of about 3.7 million that represent 31 ethnic groups.

Korla

Known as the “City of Pears” and the “City of Petroleum,” Korla (Chinse pinyin: Kuerle), is the capital city of the Bayingholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. This prefecture is the largest of its kind in China, encompassing the eastern half of the Taklamakan Desert extending to the borders of Tibet, Qinghai and Gansu Provinces. The fragrant pears produced in Korla are renowned in China for their sweet flavor. 

The city has an area of 7,116 square miles and a population of 438,000, the majority of which is Han Chinese. While, 30% of the population represent 23 different ethnic minority groups. Korla was a strategic part of the historic Silk Road. The Tiemen (Iron Gate) Pass in the north of the city was easily defended in the past. It played an important role in protecting the Silk Road from the attack of nomads. 

Although the air is dry in Korla, there is abundant water and extensive farmlands. The spring in Korla is almost equivalent to the spring of the flowers of fragrant pear. It is considered a world of sweetness and purity.  

As a famous tourist city, there are numerous tourist areas in Korla, such as Lake Bosten, with mists and waves of water stretching into the distance, vast prairies, the mysterious Swan Lake, the world-famous Lop Nor, the scenic Tarim River, and the desert stretching as far as the eye can see. These and more are so beautiful that will make you’ll feel like you’re in a fictitious land.

Hotan

Hotan (Chinese pinyin: Hetian) is a city located in the Tarim Basin in the southwest of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It has a population of 282,000 and is densely populated by the Uygur ethnic group. People there are engaged in agriculture and handcrafts.

Hotan was a strategic station of the ancient Silk Road. It played a role in combining China and Central Asia with one of the main routes. It provides a convenient meeting place for the conveying of goods, philosophies, religions, and technologies. Hotan was also one of the earliest Buddhist states in the world where Buddhist culture and learning was transmitted from India to China.

Hotan City is famous for the following products: jade, carpets, silk, and embroidery. It has been a major supplier of precious nephrite jades of various colors for centuries. White jades come from the White Jade River of Hotan and dark-green jades come from the Black Jade River. Furthermore, Hotan was one of the earliest centers of silk manufacture. It also has a long history of producing fine carpets. These products are exported to other countries in bulk as well.

In the summer, the snows from the Kunlun Mountains melt forming 24 rivers flowing through Hotan. Thus, ample water is available to grow rice, wheat, maize, cotton, and oil-bearing plants, and so on. Mulberry and fruit trees also grow everywhere.

Minfeng Town

Minfeng Town (or Niya) of the Minfeng County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region lies in the southern region of the Tarim Basin. It is a small town with a population about 10,000 people. There are small markets, shops, restaurants, and hotels. Most of the streets have not been paved. In this small town you can get anywhere by foot.

What is special about Minfeng Town is its undeveloped “sites.”Travelers to Minfeng Town will find it interesting to learn about the traditional lifestyle that lags far behind modernity, which is where the beauty lies.

A large number of Buddhist scriptures, sculptures, and other precious items were found in Minfeng as it was once an important part of the southern branch of the Silk Road.

In this small town, one can walk around the Uyghur neighborhood. You will see the beautifully carved and painted courtyard doors and visit some mosques in the area. You can also follow the ancient southern Silk Road and explore it yourself. There is a busy bazaar on Sunday where you can meet and have fun with many of the local people there, men and women, old and young.

Xinjiang Tour Map

Luxury Hotels in Xinjiang

Luxury Hotels in Xinjiang

Sheraton Urumqi Hotel

Located in the central business district of Urumqi, Sheraton Urumqi Hotel is a top-notch deluxe hotel in charge of the internationally-famed Starwood Hotel and Resort Management Group. The hotel has unique rooms equipped with complete facilities, which are exemplified by its Sheraton beds, rainforest shower heads, and advanced cozy chairs (all of these facilities can not be found elsewhere). Each room is equipped with broadband Internet access, an international satellite LCD TV, and a mini bar...

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