Standing close to Fenhe River and surrounded by mountains on three sides, Taiyuan, is the capital city of Shanxi province. It has long been known as a city of exceptional beauty. With a history of 2500 years, Taiyuan was once home to the country founded by King Yao, and an important city in the Warring States Period, the homeland of Taiyuan ancient city, the mansion house of the dominant kings of the Northern Dynasty, the northern capital city of paramount importance, the southern entrance to the central plain area, a hut of transportation as well as the hometown of the famous Shanxi merchants. Taiyuan is the political, economic, cultural, educational, scientific, transportation and information center of Shanxi province. It’s an important industrialized city featuring pillar industries such as metallurgy, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering and coal industry as well as the output of energy, raw materials and mineral and mechanical products. Also, it’s a famous historical city in northern China. Its pillar industries include the textile industry, electric industry, food processing industry, pharmaceutical industry, power industry and building materials industry.
Taiyuan is rich in historical heritages. Jin Memorial Hall Garden is a shining pearl of Chinese civilization. Yongzuo Temple built in the Ming Dynasty and Lingyun Double Towers are the representatives of China’s tower structures. Longmen Grottos are China’s largest Taoist grottos and they are also regarded as the largest in the world by the experts. The Mengshan Giant Stone Buddha was originally built in the Northern Qi Dynasty and ruined at the end of the Yuan Dynasty and beginning of the Ming Dynsty. It is as gorgeous as Bamiyang Giant Stone Buddha and Leshan Giant Stone Buddha. In addition, there are historical heritage sites including Chongshan Temple, the most famous Buddhist temple built at the end of the Sui Dynasty and at the beginning of the Tang Dynasty, as well as Chunyang Palace, a Taoist palace featuring folk styles and Duofu Temple.