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Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum is a large modern museum of the national level located 1 kilometer away and northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda. It is a giant architectural complex built in the Tang-dynasty architectural style. It occupies an area of 70,000 square metres, and the construction area as more than 50,000 square metres. The museum focuses on the highlights of Shaanxi culture and the development of Chinese civilization.

In the main exhibition hall there are over 2,700 works of art. The exhibition space is divided into the following halls: an introductory hall, permanent exhibition hall, special exhibition hall, temporary exhibition hall, and the National Painting Hall.

The Museums permanent exhibition shows Shaanxi's ancient history. Representative relics and ancient pieces from all periods have been chosen to depict the development of civilization in this area. The exhibition space of this hall is over 4,600 square meters. It covers three exhibition rooms, which are cut into seven parts (Prehistory, Zhou, Qin, Han, Wei-Jin-North and South dynasties, Sui-Tang, and Song-Yuan-Ming-Qing). All of this is composed of models of archaeological sites, drawings, and photographs.

These works systematically show the ancient history of Shaanxi from 150,000 years ago from the year 1840. Because Xian was once capital on Shaanxi territory in the Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties, the exhibits stress these periods and places. This not only show the span of culture in ancient Shaanxi, but also the highest level of cultural development of China's social economy.

The temporary exhibits hall on the East side of the museum have various exhibitions covering Tang-tomb wall paintings. Shaanxi's wall murals of this kind were the first to be displayed in the country. They are rich in idea and line, along with rich details. They both show Tang customs and are superb works of art, overall.

The Shaanxi History Museum keeps over 115,000 objects in its collection of art. Some of the most representative are bronzes, Tang-dynasty tomb wall paintings, terracotta statuary, ceramics, construction materials through the successive dynasties, Han and Tang bronze mirrors, coins and currency, calligraphy, rubbings, scrolls and so on.