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Farmer Painting of Hu County

Farmer Painting

Huxian County was named the County of Painting by the Ministry of Culture in 1988. It is located 40 km (about 25 miles) southwest of Xian City, bordering Qinling Mountain to the south and the Wei River to the north. Huxian County boasts splendid landscapes and a long history.

The architectural style is said to have originated in the late 1950s when Hu County peasants were building a new reservoir. They began painting pictures of the work in progress in order to record the work and inspire themselves to work better. Huxian peasants continued to paint, and during China's 1966-1976 Cultural Revolution their work was shown abroad to prove to the outside world that common, ordinary workers could produce works of art. Ordinary life was the subject of these paintings, and work was often the focus.

Originated from the traditional folk arts like paper cutting, embroidering and so on, at the time, most paintings were focused on work. Now, peasants portray every aspect of their daily life. This includes feeding livestock, children playing, local operas, village traditions, ducks swimming, elders playing Chinese chess, Festivals, parades, the harvest, music, farm animals, winter, kitchen work, and so on. Some paintings are bold and unconstrained; some are strong and impassioned, while others are ornate and elegant. All of them have a naive charm, are clear and full of passion for folk life.

After more than fifty years there are over 2,000 painters now residing in the county. Many famous painters such as Liu Zhide, Liu Zhigui, Fan Zhihua, Wang Wenji and Luo Zhijian have been invited by foreign countries to visit and give lectures. Some of these painters have even published books abroad. Many pieces made from artists there have been exhibited in more than 60 countries. Many of them have been collected by national and international art museums, galleries and individuals.

The Gallery of Farmers' Paintings from Huxian County is located at the No.17 building of Kaiyuan Group in Xian East Hi-tech zone. With an exhibition area of 1200 square meters, the gallery has more than 1000 paintings on display. Visitors can appreciate a great selection of Peasant Painting, enjoy the performance of folk artists, the demonstration of the artist and try painting themselves.