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Banpo Neolithic Village-Banpo Museum

Banpo Neolithic Village-Banpo Museum

The Banpo Museum is located in the eastern outskirts of Xian City in Shaanxi Province. As the first museum at the prehistoric site it was built at the base of excavations of the Banpo site. Since it opened to the public formally in 1958, two million people have visited it.

The Banpo Site is a typical Neolithic matriarchal community of the Yangshao Culture dating back about 6,000 years. At that time, the Banpo people used tools made of wood and stone. Women, the crucial labor force, were responsible for making pottery, spinning, and raising the family, while men fished.

The approximately 4,500 square meters (about 1 acre) exhibit area of Banpo Museum is divided into two Exhibition Halls and a Site Hall.

The first Exhibition Hall is centered on the unearthed relic exhibitions consisting of the First Hall and the Second Hall. The Water vessel in Banpo Museum shows how pieces in these two halls are produced using tools that primitive Banpo people used. They include axes, chisels, sickles, and stone and pottery knives from which we can have a general picture of the production activities of the Banpo people thousands of years ago. Additionally, artwork and adornments here reflect the social life, culture, art and inventions of the period.

The second Exhibition Hall is used for auxiliary exhibitions and contains two halls. Special shows are held here on ethnology, folklore and the history of art related to the prehistoric culture.

The Site Hall is about 3,000 square meters (about 0.7 acre) and contains residential, pottery making and a burial site. Among the three, the residential section is the main part of the site, including the huts, kilns and tombs of primitive peoples. All these present us with an idea of aboriginal villages and the hard situations of ancestors faced in pursuing civilization, reflecting pm the production level and social systems of that time.

The Banpo Matriarchal Clan Community Village is an extension of the museum based on archeological findings. The entire village enriches the cultural connotation of the museum and carries forward the long and splendid history of China at the same time.