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Tuyoq Valley

Tuyoq Valley

Located at Shanshang County and 55 kilometers east to Turpan City, Tuyoq (Chinese pinyin: Tuyugou) Valley splits the grand Flaming Mountain into two parts. It is a gorgeous valley with a long history, splendid culture and charming natural scenery.

Tuyoq Valley was once a holy Buddhist and Islamic place and the most mysterious place in western China and the intersection of world’s various religions along with their history. The Mazha Village and Tuyok Thousand-Buddha Caves are both testimonies of this intersection.

The Mazha Village in Tuyoq Valley is the oldest Uygur village. With a history of 1,700 years, it still maintains the original Uygur customs and lifestyle. Mazha Village is called the “Famous Village of Chinese History and Culture.” The clay-built architecture in the village remains the same as centuries ago radiating “yellow clay culture.” As the perfect station for scholars of religion, history, culture, art, painting, and photography, Mazha Village is the holy place for China’s and overseas Muslims.

The Uygurs in this peaceful and quiet village speak in traditional Uygur language and dress in local clothes with distinct ethnic features. The only vehicle they apply is a donkey cart. From the facial expressions of the old and the young, you can see that they’re content and happy, allowing them to make the best out of life.

The Tuyok Thousand-Buddha Caves lie at the middle of the Valley. Excavated in the Jin Dynasty and the Sixteen Kingdoms Period (the mid-fourth century), it is one of the 3 most famous Buddhist grottos in Xinjiang. Out of the total 94 caves, only 8 maintained the murals due to the damage of wars and years of impact from the weather. The murals remained vividly present the charm of ancient civilization, attracting thousands of scholars of Buddhist history and art.

Altogether, visiting the Tuyok Valley, can help you experience the majestic scenery, but also, with the Thousand-Buddha Caves and the ancient Mazha Village. The experience would be a tour full of cultural and ethnic connotation.