Home » Xinjiang Travel Guide » Turpan Travel Guide » Turpan Attractions » Jiaohe Ancient Ruins

Jiaohe Ancient Ruins

Jiaohe Ancient Ruins

Located in the Yarnaz Valley Village, 10 kilometers west of Turpan City, is the city of Jiaohe. It was once the capital of the Jushi Kingdom in the Han, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties from 108 BC to 450 AD. Jiaohe Ancient Ruins were considered the sites of counties and towns of the Gaochang State from the Sixteen Kingdoms Period (304-439) to the Tang Dynasty (618-907). 

Jiaohe was built out of adobe more than 2,000 years ago and is a significant site of great military importance on the Silk Road. The residential areas were arranged in the east and west; while the northern area was filled with Buddhist sites such as temples and stupas. In the southern region, there were graveyards and ruins of a past government office. Jiaohe City was eventually abandoned after the Mongols invaded here in the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1370).

Many cultural relics including murals under preservation with the ancient clay-built constructions. The painting of the mural indicated the skill level of Uygur painters in ancient times. Buddhas, bodhisattvas, Kings, Queens, and people from all levels of society that were elegantly presented, as well as depicting the lifestyle of Uygur people in ancient times.

Due to continual erosion by weather, the Jiaohe Ancient Ruins are in danger of collapsing. China has taken various actions to preserve this site since 1961.