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Intangible Cultural Heritages in Tibet

Intangible Cultural Heritages in Tibet

Tibetan Opera

Tibetan Opera, the most popular traditional opera of minority ethnic groups in China, is of numerous art varieties and schools due to the different natural conditions, life styles, cultural traditions and dialects in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The Tibetan play in Tibet is the precursor of Tibetan opera. More

Tibetan Thangka Paintings

The Manniang School, popular in the Dbus Gtsang Region, has been the most influential school of Tibetan nationality Thangka paintings art since the 15th century. It was founded by Manla Thong Zhu, an artist born in the Luozha Manniang area, hence the name Manniang School. Manla Thong Zhu achieved his skills under the tutelage of Duoba Tashi. With hard work, Manla Thong Zhu made remarkable achievements in painting. More

Tibetan Nationality Woollen Bangdian (Apron) and Qiadian (rug) Weaving Skills

The wool fabric weaving skills of the Tibetan nationals have a long history. Among all the fabrics made by these skills, aprons and rugs are the most well-known. Wool fabric aprons frequently used by the Tibetan people are called “bangdian” in Tibetan language, and they have functions of decoration, cold resistance, among others. The Jiedexiu Town of Gongga County in Shannan District of Tibet Autonomous Region is the major producing area of Tibetan aprons, and it is consequently called the “home of bangdian.” More

Tibetan Paper Making Skills

Tibetans began to create paper when Princess Wencheng from the Tang Dynasty (618-907) arrived there more than 1300 years ago, bringing paper making technology from the mainland. After the 8th century, to meet the translation of Buddhist Scriptures, Tibetan people learn from the new technologies of nearby minority groups and local Tibetan materials have been adopted into the Tibetan paper making process, forming the unique Tibetan paper that exists today. More

Lhasa Kite Making Skills

Lhasa kites are popular in Lhasa, Shigatse, and neighboring Nepal. Kite-flying once prevailed among Tibetan aristocrats during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).It is said that Dalai Lama in the 13th century is a kite-lover. More

Shoton Festival

"Shoton" in Tibetan means sour milk banquet. The word "sho" means the sour milk while the latter word "ton" means eating or banquet. The Shoton Festival starts on the 30th day of the 6th month according to Tibetan calendar (usu. later half of August) and lasts five days.  As Tibetan operas are performed and Buddha paintings are exhibited at this time, it is also called "Tibetan Opera Festival" or "Buddha Exhibition Festival." The traditional way of starting the Shoton Festival to show Buddha paintings. The main portion includes Tibetan operas and gala parties, as well as wonderful yak racing and horsemanship display. More