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Shanxi Museum

Shanxi Museum

Located in the southeastern corner of Taiyuan, Shanxi Museum is a local comprehensive museum. It was built in 1918 and opened to the public in 1919 and was originally called the Educational Library Museum of Shanxi. It was later renamed the House of Folk Education of Shanxi in 1933 and Library Museum of Shanxi in 1949. After being combined into Cultural House of Taiyuan in 1953, it was officially named Shanxi Museum.

There are altogether 100,000 pieces of items including historical relics, revolutionary cultural relics and natural specimens. Amongst them, there are 443 first-grade cultural relics. The famous one being the Oath of Alliance of the Northern Zhou Dynasty unearthed in Houma.

Most of the items are displayed in the east and west exhibition halls of the Confucian Palace as well as the Dacheng Palace. In the exhibition halls that show the ancient, modern and revolutionary history of Shanxi, there are 1,000 cultural relics on display, covering an area of 2,000 square meters.

The exhibition hall of ancient history mainly shows the history of primitive, slave and feudal society, giving a brief introduction to Shanxi’s political, economic and cultural development in successive dynasties systematically. Such items as the stone wares of Fending Village of the Xiang Prefecture, the Oath of Alliance of the Northern Zhou Dynasty unearthed in Houma, potteries, bronze-coppery vessels and Sanjin currencies, wood paintings and pottery figurines of the Northern Wei Dynasty, as well as pottery worriers and green-glazed pots of the Northern Qi Dynasty are all on display.

The exhibition of modern history mainly shows the revolutionary achievements of fighting against imperialism and feudalism. The routine of the Taiping army’s northern expedition and the Boxers’ rebellious activities in Shanxi are on display, together with the movements of fighting for coal, the Jiaowen Massacre and Shanxi Uprising in 1911.

The exhibition hall of revolutionary history shows three periods of the First Revolutionary Civil War, Second Revolutionary Civil War as well as China’s War of Resistance against Japan and the War of Liberation. The exhibition hall mainly shows cultural relics from these periods and achievements made by various classes.

There is also a series of historical relics on display in Chunyang Palace that’s located in the northwestern corner of Wuyi Square. Chunyang Palace, commonly referred to as Lvzu Temple, is the place where people offer sacrifices to Taoist Lv Dongbin of the Tang Dynasty. The founding year of the palace is unknown. It was rebuilt in the Wanli Period (1573-1620 AD). The 10 special items on display are potteries, bronze vessels, currencies, colored glazes, statues, scrolls and paintings, embroideries, enamels, rubbings from stone inscriptions and lacquer works. There are altogether 21 exhibition halls and over 800 items on display. There are also series of special exhibitions such as history, archeology, cultural relics and natural specimens.