Datong, which is located in the northern region of Shanxi Province, is the center of northern Shanxi Province. It borders Inner Mongolia in its north and Hebei Province to its east. Datong has 5 administrative districts and 7 counties, with an area of 141,130 meters and a population of 2,848,000. It is 380 kilometers away from Beijing and 352 kilometers from Taiyuan.
Datong has vast farmlands and the main agricultural products are maize, millet, oats, spring wheat, broomcorn millet, potatoes, flax bennes, daylily flowers, astragalus, sugarbeets, sunflowers etc.
Datong has abundant mineral resources. It is famous for being the “Coal Hometown” of China. The coal reserve in this area amounts to 376.9 gigaton’s, which makes it one of most important industrial areas producing energy coal. Resources including black metals, non-ferrous metals, and non-metallic minerals are abundant as well, such as iron, copper, aluminum, zincum, limestone, glimmer, graphite, marble, granite, and so on.
Datong, which has a history of over 2,000 years, is one of the 24 Cultural and Historical Cities first proclaimed by the central government. There are over 20,000 ancient sites, tumuli, ancient architectures. Sixty ancient sites are under the protection of Shanxi Province or National government. World-known scenic areas include world culture heritages such as the Yungang Caves and other relics under national and provincial protection, such as Huayan Temple, Shanhua Temple, Nine-Dragon Screen, Yinxian Wooden Temple, Hanging Temple in Henshan Mountain, and others.
Datong has an advanced transportation system. It is the railways hub of the Jingbao line and the Northern Tongpu line. People can reach Taiyuan, Beijing, Changchun, Baotou, and Hangzhou from there. Also, the Dayun, the Jingda, the Deda expressways begin in Datong. Buses of Datong Xinnan Station can reach Beijing, Taiyuan and other cities in China.