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Thatched Cottage of Du Fu

Thatched Cottage of Du Fu

The Thatched Cottage of Du Fu, was the former residence of Du Fu, a famous and revered poet in the Tang Dynasty. The Thatched Cottage of Du Fu has a total area of 24 hectares, with the combination of both Fan'an Temple in the east and Plum Garden in the west. The style of the Thatched Cottage of Du Fu reflects architectural characteristics of the Qing Dynasty when unique compound style gardens were popular. Step inside the cottage, it’ll be a feast to your eyes to see the tranquil gardens, clean, winding streams, interwoven bridges and pavilions, exuberant trees and bamboo groves. In spite of the changes throughout the seasons, its charms won’t disappoint. Plum blossoms in spring, the lotus flowers in summer, the chrysanthemums in autumn and the orchids in winter will expose you to the most natural world where you’re in a harmony with nature.

Having a better understanding will help you enjoy the atmosphere in the cottage. Born in Gongyi City, Henan Province in 712, Du Fu is known for his poems. In 746, he took the official examination in Chang'an (the capital city of the Tang Dynasty) and lived there for more than ten years after his failure. During his stay in Chang’an, he had no chance to carry out his ideals. Later, to run away from the An-Shi Rebellion, a political anarchy broke out in 758 and Du Fu fled to Chengdu in 759. With the help of his friends, Du Fu built his thatched cottage in the western region of Chengdu. It was during his four years there that he composed more than 240 poems that have become national treasures.

The cottage was abandoned for a long time since Du Fu’s departure. In the Northern Song Dynasty, a new temple was built on the original site of the thatched cottage to commemorate this outstanding person in Chinese literature. From then on, it was renovated and enlarged repeatedly. There were two very important reconstructions in 1500 and 1811 respectively, both of which set the scale and structure of present-day thatched cottage. Today, it is a shrine to Chinese literature and a commemorative museum as a traditional garden.